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What is a Private Limited Company? Definition and Benefits

What is a Private Limited Company

Starting a business can be an exciting but daunting task. There are many things to consider, including what type of business structure to choose. One popular option is a private limited company, also known as an LTD. But what exactly is a private limited company, and how does it differ from other types of businesses? In this article, we’ll explore the definition of a private limited company, its benefits and drawbacks, and some frequently asked questions.

What is a Private Limited Company?

A Private Limited Company (Sdn. Bhd) is a corporate entity in Malaysia that can shield its shareholders from bearing personal responsibility for the debts and liabilities incurred by the company. This implies that if the company encountered financial difficulties, the shareholders would only be accountable for the number of shares they own, while their assets would remain impervious.

As a legal person, a private limited company possesses a plethora of powers. It can procure or invest, possess and retain assets, and even initiate legal proceedings in court. This renders it an enticing alternative for entrepreneurs and small business proprietors who desire to maintain control over their operations while ensuring the safety of their holdings.

Incorporating a private limited company is a judicious choice for investors seeking to minimize their business liability. By doing so, they can secure their assets while still availing themselves of the benefits of owning a business. Should you contemplate launching a business in Malaysia, a private limited company is a viable option, given its capacity to safeguard your assets and curtail your business liability?

All things considered, choosing to incorporate a private limited company can confer a sense of tranquility and assurance upon business owners in Malaysia, knowing that their personal assets are safeguarded. It is a robust business framework that can furnish fiscal benefits and protection for those willing to take the plunge and establish their own company.

If you want to establish a private limited company in Malaysia but need help determining where to begin, fret not! ONECOMPANY.MY is at your service. Our team of experts can guide the process and manage all the paperwork on your behalf, enabling you to focus on building your enterprise.

We comprehend that initiating a business can be daunting, but with our assistance, you can rest easy, knowing everything will be executed correctly and efficiently. We will aid you in navigating the legal requisites and ensure that your private limited company is established in accordance with regulations.

Features of a Private Limited Company

Features of a Private Limited Company

A Private Limited Company is a separate legal entity from its owners or shareholders. It can enter into contracts, hold assets, and borrow money in its own name. The company’s shareholders are only liable to the extent of the shares they hold in the company. This means that if the company faces any financial crisis or debt, the shareholders’ assets will not be at risk.

The company must have at least one director and one shareholder, and the maximum number of shareholders is usually limited to 200. The shares of a Private Limited Company are not available to the public and cannot be traded on the stock exchange.

Difference between a Private Limited Company and a Public Limited Company

A Public Limited Company (PLC) is a type of business entity whose shares are available to the public and can be traded on the stock exchange. A PLC must have at least two directors and seven shareholders, and there is no limit to the maximum number of shareholders.

Shareholders of a PLC have limited liability, which extends only to the value of the shares they hold, similar to a Private Limited Company. However, the company’s debts or financial obligations do not create personal liability for the shareholders of a PLC.

One of the key differences between a Private Limited Company and a Public Limited Company is the level of regulation and compliance required. A PLC is subject to more stringent legal and regulatory requirements than a Private Limited Company.

Benefits of a Private Limited Company

A private limited company has numerous benefits as a business structure. First and foremost, the shareholder’s assets are safeguarded if the company falls into bankruptcy or faces litigation. This protection allows business owners to take risks without fearing losing everything they possess. A private limited company is also regarded as a separate legal entity from its proprietors. This implies that it can enter into contracts, own assets, and litigate or be prosecuted under its name.

Moreover, a private limited company has perpetual succession, meaning it can persist even if one of its shareholders dies or departs. This feature provides stability and continuity for the business. Lastly, a private limited company is attractive to investors. Due to its limited liability and separate legal entity status, investors are likelier to invest in such a company. As a result, it is easier to raise capital for a business structured as a private limited company.


How many shareholders can a private limited company have?

A private limited company can have a minimum of one shareholder and a maximum of 50.

Can a private limited company issue shares to the public?

No, a private limited company cannot issue shares to the public. Claims can only be sold to existing shareholders or people invited to invest in the company.


a private limited company is a legal business entity that offers several advantages to its shareholders, including little liability protection and a separate legal identity. Such companies are typically formed by a small group of individuals who pool their resources to start a business with the aim of generating profits while minimizing their personal financial risk.

Additionally, private limited companies have greater flexibility in their management and ownership structure flexibility, making them a popular choice for entrepreneurs and investors. Understanding the benefits and limitations of private limited companies is essential for anyone considering this business entity, and seeking professional guidance can help ensure a successful and compliant operation.

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